Zakah, Sadaqah and Hadiyah

بسم اللّٰه الرحمن الرحيم

Question: Could you please let us know the difference between the following:

1. Zakah, 2. Sadaqah, 3. Imdad, 4. Hadiyah.

Could you also mention to whom these can be given?

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Common Rulings related to Zakah

بسم اللّٰه الرحمن الحيم

A Muslim should pay Zakah as 2.5% of his total wealth that he owns on the Zakah-date. If he owns ₹1 lakh, he should pay ₹2500.
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Also refer the Chapter of Zakah in Simple Fiqh.
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Taweez and Ruqyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Ruqyah also called spell, charm and incantation consists of reciting some prayer or spell and then blowing over the body of the person being treated. In Urdu, it is called jhar-phooñk and mantar. Ruqyah containing prayer to Allah was a practice of the holy Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ.

Ta’wiz, also called amulet is a paper or some other material on which prayer or spell is written. The person under treatment keeps it on his body or in his house, shop etc. This is used as a substitute to Ruqyah for people who are unable to read (like small children, illiterate people etc.).

If the Ta’wiz or amulet contains texts from the Quran or Hadith or its text invokes Allah’s help and protection, then wearing an amulet is permissible. However it is best to avoid it. Ruqyah which consists of reciting Du’a and Zikr and then blowing over body should be preferred instead.

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Women’s Hair: Shortening and Shaving

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Q1. What is the ruling on hair-cut for women if it is done with husband’s permission?

A. Shortening it slightly is permissible. Cutting it short so that it looks like men’s hair or having a hair-style similar to that of movie stars and other Kafirs is a grave sin. Husband’s permission, even order, cannot make a prohibited hairstyle lawful.

Q2. If a woman prays with her hair folded, will her prayer become invalid?

A. Folding the hair into a bun is permissible inside Salah and outside, provided it is hidden under cloth. Having the bun over the center of head like a camel’s hump is Makrüh.

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

عن سمرة بن جندب – رضي الله عنه – أن رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال: «كُلُّ غلام رَهِينةٌ بعقَيقَتِه، تُذبَح عنه يوم السابع، ويُحلقُ رأسُه، ويُسمَّى». … أخرجه أبو داود. (جامع الأصول ٥٦٠٧)

Allah’s Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ said: “Every baby is held as if in mortgage up to his ‘Aqiqah. So, on his seventh day, sacrifice should be made on his behalf, his head should be shaved, and he should be given a name. (Abu Dawud)

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Istikhärah Du’ä

عَنْ جَابِرٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، قَالَ: كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُعَلِّمُنَا الِاسْتِخَارَةَ فِي الأُمُورِ كُلِّهَا، كَالسُّورَةِ مِنَ القُرْآنِ: ” إِذَا هَمَّ بِالأَمْرِ فَلْيَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ: اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَخِيرُكَ بِعِلْمِكَ، وَأَسْتَقْدِرُكَ بِقُدْرَتِكَ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ العَظِيمِ، فَإِنَّكَ تَقْدِرُ وَلاَ أَقْدِرُ، وَتَعْلَمُ وَلاَ أَعْلَمُ، وَأَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الغُيُوبِ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الأَمْرَ خَيْرٌ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي – أَوْ قَالَ: فِي عَاجِلِ أَمْرِي وَآجِلِهِ – فَاقْدُرْهُ لِي، وَإِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الأَمْرَ شَرٌّ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي – أَوْ قَالَ: فِي عَاجِلِ أَمْرِي وَآجِلِهِ – فَاصْرِفْهُ عَنِّي وَاصْرِفْنِي عَنْهُ، وَاقْدُرْ لِي الخَيْرَ حَيْثُ كَانَ، ثُمَّ رَضِّنِي بِهِ، وَيُسَمِّي حَاجَتَهُ ” (البخاري: ٦٣٨٢)

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